India is one of the few countries in the world that produces both varieties of coffee: Arabica and Robusta. Arabica is the more expensive variety owing to its richer flavour and lower caffeine content. However, the share of Robusta in India’s total coffee production has increased from 53.9 per cent in 1990-91 to 67 per cent in 2009-10. Production of Robusta beans has grown at a CAGR of 5 per cent over this period. Growth in Robusta has been much slower during 2000-2010 compared with 1990-2000. Being biennial in nature, Arabica witnesses an alternate cycle of production, with production declining every alternate year. Production of Arabica beans has augmented at a CAGR of 2.2 per cent from 1989 to 2009.
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